FW de Klerk and the South African row over apartheid and crimes against humanity

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Nelson Mandela (L) and FW de Klerk jointly received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993

FW de Klerk, the last white man to lead South Africa, has apologised for “quibbling” over whether or not apartheid was a “crime against humanity”, but the row has revealed old wounds, writes the BBC's Africa correspondent Andrew Harding.
The past is still raw in South Africa.
Mr de Klerk's apology was an attempt to calm a fortnight of increasingly furious debate after he made comments that many interpreted as an attempt to rewrite history and play down the seriousness of apartheid.
In a statement issued through the De Klerk Foundation, the 83-year-old expressed regret for “the confusion, anger, and hurt” his remarks might have caused.
Two weeks ago, in an interview with the national broadcaster, SABC, the former president said he was “not fully agreeing” with the presenter who asked him to confirm that apartheid, the legalised discrimination aga..

Libya conflict: EU agrees new patrols to stop arms flow

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An Italian warship in Tripoli: Italy remains a magnet for desperate migrants

EU states have agreed to launch a new military mission off the Libyan coast to enforce a shaky UN arms embargo.
The 27 governments still have to draft a legal text for the mission, after agreeing it in principle in Brussels.
“The main objective is the arms embargo,” said Luxembourg Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn.
The UN-recognised government in Tripoli is under attack from the forces of Gen Khalifa Haftar, which control most of eastern and southern Libya.
The EU's new naval and air mission is to operate in the eastern Mediterranean, away from the migrant-smuggling routes from Libya which have caused bitter divisions in the EU.

Italy's Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio said that if the EU ships proved to be a “pull factor” for migrants desperate to reach Europe “the mission will be stopped”.

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Niger aid stampede: At least 20 killed in Diffa

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A Niger soldier stands guard at a camp in Diffa, Niger, in this picture from 2016

At least 20 people, many of them women and children, have been killed in a stampede in south-eastern Niger, reports say.
Refugees from neighbouring Nigeria were queuing for food and money in the town of Diffa when the incident took place, according to local sources.
Ten other people were injured.
The region is home to around 120,000 people displaced by years of violence carried out by Boko Haram militants in north-eastern Nigeria.
Who are Boko Haram?People rushed forward to collect aid supplies when the gates of the facility were opened early on Monday, the BBC's Is'haq Khalid in Nigeria reports.

The aid was provided by the governor of Nigeria's Borno state who was visiting refugee camps in the area, according to AFP news agency.
Militant Islamist group Boko Haram and its offshoots have waged a brutal insurgency in Nigeria since 2009.

Mugabe and Moi: The legacy of a dying African generation

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In our series of letters from African writers, Zimbabwean journalist-turned-barrister Brian Hungwe compares the life of his late President, Robert Mugabe, with Kenya's former leader, Daniel arap Moi, who was buried last week.
Both Robert Mugabe and Daniel arap Moi were born in 1924 and both died at the age of 95.
They were both involved in anti-colonial politics, though unlike Mugabe, Moi never took up arms.
And they both governed former British colonies, with white settler populations, for more than two decades.

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President Daniel arap Moi welcomed Queen Elizabeth II to Kenya in 1983

Queen Elizabeth II appeared to like both men and visited their countries during the era of stability, before tales of corruption and ruthlessness towards opponents made them less desirable destinations for a royal trip.

And Moi and Mugabe were both shaped by rural upbringings, where they herded cattle and goats.

Kizito Mihigo: Singer found dead in Rwandan police cell

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Police say Kizito Mihigo was found dead in a cell in Kigali on Monday morning

Rwandan gospel music artist Kizito Mihigo has been found dead in a police cell, officers say.
It comes three days after he was arrested near the border with Burundi.
Police accused him of attempting to flee the country and join rebel groups fighting against Rwanda. He is banned from leaving Rwanda due to a previous conviction.
Mihigo was best known for the songs Inuma (pigeon) and Igisobanuri cy'urupfu (the meaning of death).
A statement shared on social media by police spokesman JB Kabeera said Mihigo's body was found during a routine check by officers at Remera police station on Monday morning. The spokesman gave no further details.

Mihigo had been charged with corruption and illegal border crossing, local media report.
The Rwanda Investigation Bureau accused the singer of attempting to bribe people who had seen him.
A resident in the south-we..

Nikita Pearl Waligwa: Queen of Katwe stars pay tribute

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Nikita Pearl Waligwa played Gloria, a friend of the protagonist Phiona, who explained the rules of chess

Stars of the film Queen of Katwe have paid tribute to actress Nikita Pearl Waligwa who has died at the age of 15.
Waligwa had been diagnosed with a brain tumour and died in hospital in Kampala on Sunday.
She starred in the 2016 film which was based on the true story of Phiona Mutesi, a chess prodigy from a Ugandan slum.
Her co-star David Oyelowo wrote on Instagram: “She was a ball of light in Queen of Katwa and in life.”
He played the role of Phiona Mutesi's chess teacher while Lupita Nyong'o played her mother.

Waligwa featured as the character Gloria, a friend of Phiona who explained the rules of chess to her.
Ms Nyong'o said on Instagram: “She played Gloria with such vibrancy. In her real life she had the enormous challenge of battling brain cancer.”

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