Former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak dies

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Hosni Mubarak was president of Egypt for 30 years

Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak – ousted by the military in 2011 – has died in Cairo at the age of 91.
Mubarak spent three decades in office before a popular uprising swept Egypt.
He was found guilty of complicity in the killing of protesters during the revolution. That conviction was overturned and was freed in March 2017.
His death was confirmed by Egyptian state news on Tuesday. Earlier in the day, the Al-Watan website reported that he died at a military hospital.
Mubarak: Egyptian statesman of war and peaceMubarak underwent surgery in late January.

His son Alaa said on Saturday that Mubarak remained in intensive care.

Libya conflict: Two Turkish troops killed

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Mr Erdogan (R) backs the Tripoli-based government of Fayez al-Sarraj (L)

Two Turkish soldiers have been killed in Libya, the first casualties the nation has reported since it sent troops to the oil-rich state.
“We have two martyrs in Libya,” President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said, without giving further details.
Last month, Turkey sent soldiers and Syrian fighters to Libya to bolster the UN-backed government in Tripoli.
The capital has been under a 10-month-long siege by forces loyal to renegade general Khalifa Haftar.
His Libyan National Army (LNA) is backed by Egypt, Russia, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), while the government in Tripoli is supported by Turkey and its ally Qatar.

How Africa has been frozen out of Libya peace efforts
Turkey risks falling deeper into Libya conflict
Khalifa Haftar: The Libyan general with big ambitions
On Sunday, the LNA said it had killed 16 Turkish soldiers.
Turkey signed a military co-operat..

Africa grapples with clean energy conundrum

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Africa is both the world's least electrified continent and the most vulnerable to climate change.
And as the continent with the world's fastest growing population, the decisions that African politicians make to boost power supplies could have an impact both locally and globally.
The conundrum is how to meet the demand for energy without making the climate situation worse.
There is a large amount of investment, much of it from overseas, going into renewable sources. But the continent also has untapped reserves of oil and natural gas, which it aims to exploit.

Powering AfricaMajor sources of electricity in 2017
Source: International Energy AgencyAfrica's largest power producer, South Africa, faces an additional dilemma of moving away from coal-fired power stations, which produce nearly all of its energy. It is one of the dirtiest fuels, and is damaging the health of some of the people living near where it is burnt.

More than two thirds of..

Nigeria: Video of manatee dragged along road sparks outrage

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Blue Planet Society

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It is unclear where the video was filmed, but officials said it was in the Niger Delta region

Nigeria's environment ministry has launched an investigation after a video emerged of an endangered manatee, also known as a sea cow, being dragged along a dusty road by a group of young men.
It is not clear when the footage was filmed.
The animal has been tied in ropes and can be seen trying to get away.
Deputy environment minister Sharon Ikeazor branded the video “very distressing”, and said officials were trying to rescue the creature.
Ms Ikeazor said the incident took place in the oil-rich Niger Delta region, and called for an awareness campaign “to educate our people to protect the manatee”.

Skip Twitter post by @sharon_ikeazor

My attention has been drawn to a very distressing & distasteful video of a captured manatee in the Niger Delta Region being dragged on bare ground to a cruel fate by some ill informed/uninformed you..

Tanzania journalist Erick Kabendera freed after seven months

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Erick Kabendera was initially arrested over a question about his citizenship but that investigation was dropped

Detained Tanzanian journalist Erick Kabendera has been freed seven months after he was arrested.
He had been charged with money laundering, tax evasion and leading organised crime.
Mr Kabendera's release comes after he entered into a plea-bargain agreement with the prosecution.
His detention was seen as an example of rising repression against the press and critics of Tanzania's President John Magufuli who came into office in 2015.
Rights group Amnesty International celebrated Mr Kabendera's release but added that there had been “no justice” for him.

“Tanzania must publicly commit to ensuring that everyone can freely exercise all their human rights and stop the politically motivated persecution of dissidents and journalists like Erick Kabendera,” a statement from the organisation said.

Africa Live: More on this ..

Lesotho’s PM Thomas Thabane seeks immunity over murder of ex-wife

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Prime Minister Thomas Thabane (L) and his wife Maesaiah (R) appeared in court together on Monday

Lawyers for Lesotho's prime minister have told a court that he cannot be charged over the murder of his estranged wife because his position makes him immune from prosecution.
PM Thomas Thabane's then-wife, Lipolelo Thabane, was shot dead in 2017.
The case has now been referred to the High Court. His current wife has already been charged with the murder.
Mr Thabane would be the first African leader to be charged with domestic murder while in office.
The case has shocked many in the small landlocked kingdom which is entirely surrounded by South Africa.

BBC Africa Live: Updates on this and other stories
The characters at the heart of Lesotho's murder drama
A murder mystery, the prime minister and his estranged wife
In Monday's hearing, defence lawyer Qhalehang Letsika said: “My client cannot be prosecuted ..

Togo’s Faure Gnassingbé ‘wins re-election’ amid fraud protest

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Togolese people voted on Saturday for their new president

Togo's President Faure Gnassingbé has won re-election, according to preliminary results from the electoral commission.
However, opposition leader Agbéyomé Kodjo has accused the authorities of widespread fraud.
The president's office is quoted by AFP news agency as denying the accusation.
The electoral commission said that Mr Gnassingbé had received 72% of the vote, compared with about 18% for Mr Kodjo.
Mr Kodjo, former prime minister and head of the national assembly, accused the authorities of setting up fake polling stations in Saturday's election, ballot stuffing and getting people to cast multiple votes in Mr Gnassingbé's favour.

Troops surrounded Mr Kodjo's home for around three hours after voting finished on Saturday.
Togo's Security Minister Yark Dameham told Voice of America that Mr Kodjo's house had been surrounded as a precaution.

Komla Dumor Award 2020: Seeking a rising star of African journalism

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Media captionBBC World News Komla Dumor Award 2019: Seeking a rising star of African journalism
The BBC is seeking a rising star of African journalism for the BBC World News Komla Dumor Award, now in its sixth year.
Journalists from across Africa are invited to apply for the award, which aims to uncover and promote fresh talent from the continent.
The winner will spend three months at the BBC headquarters in London, gaining skills and experience.
Applications close on 16 March 2020 at 23:59 GMT.
The award was established to honour Komla Dumor, an exceptional Ghanaian broadcaster and presenter for BBC World News, who died suddenly aged 41 in 2014.

This year's award is being launched from the South African city of Johannesburg.
Find out more about the award and if you are eligible to enterIt will be made to an outstanding individual living and working in Africa, who combines strong journalism skills, on-air flair, and an exceptional..

How Africa hopes to gain from the ‘new scramble’

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Last year's China-Africa summit attracted the most attendance from African leaders

Major world powers are jostling for political and economic influence in Africa, but what is behind the renewed interest on the continent and what are African countries doing about it? The BBC's Dickens Olewe reports.
In recent years Africans have become used to seeing their leaders accumulate air miles while honouring invitations to attend a series of Africa-themed summits held around the world, often advertised as win-win partnerships.
Last year, Japan, Russia and China hosted African presidents and heads of government; last month 15 African leaders attended the UK-Africa Investment Summit in London, and invitations have probably already been sent for similar events reportedly planned in France, Saudi Arabia and Turkey this year.

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This week's editorial cartoon by @ndula_victor #UKAfricaInvestmentSummit pic.t..